Ration coupons

Amsterdam, Back in Amsterdam
9 juni 1945

I received ration coupons and I said: ‘What do I need these for? I’ve eaten without these coupons for three years’.

Although the Jews in the Netherlands also encountered warmth, charity, and touching altruism, in general the return to the Netherlands was not a liberation celebration for most Jews. In addition, many of them walked around in a daze with the realization that a large part of their family had been murdered in the concentration camps. That discovery paralyzed many people for a long time. The contrast with the elation of the Dutch about liberation was more than people could handle.